Physical therapy is an established theoretical and scientific based approach with widespread clinical applications in the restoration, maintenance, and promotion of optimal physical function. Physical therapy can help residents reduce pain and improve or restore mobility - in many cases without expensive surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications and their side effects. PTs examine each individual and develop a plan using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability. Physical therapists can teach residents how to prevent or manage their condition so that they will achieve long-term health benefits. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness- and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.